Return to current Issue
Back Issues (1-04, 2-04, 3-04, 4-04, 1-05)

 Topics & Features:

  Armored Fighting Vehicles
  C4ISR
  Combat Aircraft
  Electronic Warfare
  Fire Support
  Future Combat Systems
  Homeland Defense
  Infantry Warfare
  Logistics & support
  Naval Systems
  Net Centric Warfare
  Precision Strike
  Protection & Survivability
  Spec-Ops, Counter Terror
  Unmanned Systems
  Defense Exhibitions

  RSS News Feed
 


Relevant links:

 


Mobile Cellular Networks in Military Use

<- Page 2 out of 7 ->

C2V command vehicle (Left) and a Bradley Fighting Vehicle (right)
For more than a decade, military Command, Control and Communications (C3) systems benefit from the rapid pace of development of consumer mobile wireless communications and computing products. In sharp contrast to the past time, when military communications were far more advanced than commercial systems, contemporary personal communicators (mobile phones, PCS, PDAs and other gadgets) are providing far better performance than any military device, and are available for a fraction of the cost of military devices.  Modern soldiers are better prepared to use computers and accept them as an essential part of every mission. Therefore, fielding of more complex systems is now feasible and affordable than ever before.

Military Cellular Networks
In recent conflicts, such as Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), it became clear that such networks cannot keep pace with rapid movements, and the nodes presenting priority targets for enemy attack. To support users on the move, the US Army and some NATO countries use dedicated military "mobile subscriber" networks (MSE), operating similar to commercial cellular wireless networks. While supporting users on the move, such systems rely on stationary nodes to maintain an efficient area coverage. Commercial systems based on GSM, TDMA, CDMA and IDEN are used primarily as backup networks, with voice and data support. But these networks are not reliable enough for military use as they lack availability, redundancy and required military security levels. The third generations (G3 systems) of such systems, currently deployed in few countries, could offer more advanced services but it is not available on a wide basis which could support dependable military or homeland security applications. (continued...)


Even the standard Cellular systems are offering advanced services, well beyond the capabilities of available modern military systems. Commercial networks are used by the military mainly for general purpose services during peacetime, for coordination activity and personal communications. Military forces are adapting the commercial TETRA standard to field mobile networks for military and security forces. Such systems are currently fielded with French forces (utilizing the Tetrapol standard), British forces, Finnish (based on Nokia systems, operated as part of KFOR in Bosnia). The US Defense Department has also embarked on a program to develop and produce secure PDA Phone supporting commercial GSM and CDMA networks, for military and homeland security applications. The largest system of this type has been fielded recently in Israel by Motorola (the IDF new "Mountain Rose" - TETRA based military mobile cellular system). TETRA systems as well as commercial cellular services are  planned for migration to G3 standards later in the decade, and further enhance interoperability, with the introduction of software defined radios such as the JTRS, which will enable seamless integration of wireless and wire-line systems into one "mesh".

Current combat net radios (CNR) are providing voice and data connectivity and form the basic layer for tactical command and control from division to battalion and company level. Modern systems offer sophisticated communications security (encryption) and frequency hopping for efficient spectrum utilization and electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM). Such systems support voice and data communications and offer data transfer rates ranging from 19.2 up to 115 kbps.


Other topics included in this feature:
 

Start - Previous - Next Page


ByGoogle

 
 

   Become a member
   Advertise on this page
   Send suggestions...

   Commentary

 


  Updated: 10/25/2005

 

 

2002-2005 All Rights Reserved

 Contact us - Advertise - Terms of use