Mobile mortars and their applicationin the modern battle
One of the most original 120mmn mobile mortar systems, was, and still is, the 120mm -S howitzer/mortar system. designed as airborne artillery support vehicle, the is mounted on a modified turret BMD airborne combat vehicle, which can be dropped from tactical transport aircraft. Armed with the 120mm breech-loaded rifled tube 2A60 mortar, it renders both indirect high trajectory and direct point fire capabilities.
Through its semi-automatic loading mechanism, 6-8 rpm firing rate is normal, with 30 seconds action readiness. Anothern system is the 2S23 120mm SP howitzer/mortar. This model is mounted on a modified platform. In 1996 the Russian Motovilikha Plants Corporation fielded the latest of its family, the 2S31 Vena, an automated self propelled mortar, with a longer barrel, (Russian 120mm 2A80) also firing the Gran laser-guided bomb against point targets to 13km range. The known version was mounted on a chassis and has 70 rounds on board storage (about twice as much as the former). A similar version was developed by the Chinese Army, designated 6×6 mounted on an armoured personnel carrier. The Russians seem to love super-big guns, they have designed the mammoth 420mm SP Oka mortar system, which was originally intended to fire tactical nuclear rounds. Fortunately it was never commissioned.
Additional Parts of this article :