A major energy company plans to fly theoff the Alaska coast in international waters starting in August. Plans for the initial ship-launched flights include surveys of ocean ice floes and migrating whales in Arctic oil exploration areas.
The release of two ‘restricted category type certificates’ to a pair of unmanned aircraft systems () represents a milestone that will lead to the first approved commercial operations later this summer, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration ( ) announced. Certificates were issued to two types of unmanned systems – the Scan-Eagle built by and X200 and AeroVironment’s PUMA AE. Issuing the type certificates is an important step toward the ’s goal of integrating into the nation’s airspace. These flights will also meet requirements in the Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 that define Arctic operational areas and include a mandate to increase Arctic UAS commercial operations.
Both are categorized as ‘small UAS’, weighing less than 25 kilograms (55 pounds). Each is about 1.37 meter long (4.5 feet), with wingspans of ten and 2.75 meter (9 feet). The PUMA is expected to support emergency response crews for oil spill monitoring and wildlife surveillance over the Beaufort Sea.
The major advantage of having type-certificated UAS models available is that they can be used commercially. The ScanEagle and PUMA received Restricted Category type certificates that permit aerial surveillance. Until now, obtaining an experimental airworthiness certificate – which specifically excludes commercial operations – was the only way the private sector could operate UAS in the nation’s airspace.
More about the certification by Graham warwick, Aerospace daily & Defense Report.
Previous military acceptance of the ScanEagle and PUMA UAS designs allowed the FAA to issue the Restricted Category type certificates.