Alenia Aermacchi Carves A Niche For a New Jet Trainer

M311 in flight
Alenia Aermacchi M345 Basic-Advanced Trainer. Photo: Alenia Aermacchi
Alenia Aermacchi M345 Basic-Advanced Trainer. Photo: Alenia Aermacchi

The company has teamed with the Italian Ministry of Defense to define the operational specifications for such a trainer. The agreement was signed at the Paris Air Show last week, between Alenia Aermacchi Chief Executive Officer Guiseppe Giordo and Italian air force Gen. Claudio Debertolis, of the Secretariat General of Defence/National Armaments Directorate of the Italian Ministry, of Defence. The agreement paves the way for the collaboration on the development of a new basic-advanced trainer, the M-345 HET (High Efficiency Trainer) and expected to enter service between 2017-2020.

The agreement calls for the immediate creation of a joint working team between the Defence and industry to define the technical specifications of this new aircraft and identify the steps necessary for the preliminary study and its consequent development, taking into account the principles of cost effectiveness and to satisfy the possible requirements of the global market.

paris13-125x125The M-345 is offered as a basic-advanced lightweight fast jet trainer with Life-Cycle Costs comparable to those of heavyweight turboprops such as the Beechcraft T-6, Pilatus PC-21 and Embraer’s A-29 Super Tucano which, according to the company, offer only part of the requirements for cadets trained to fly jet fighters. The company claims the jet-trainer provides much better training effectiveness over turboprop powered trainers, as it offers a real jet environment and real jet handling. With its flexibility and flying qualities, in particular at high operational speed, the aircraft allows significant “downloading” of flying hours from the advanced training phase.

The yet unsold aircraft, called the M-345 High Efficiency Trainer (HET), is the latest attempt by Alenia to find a market for its M-311 single-engine jet trainer, which was derived from the decades-old SIAI-Marchetti S.211. The M345 is designed to address training phases in advance of the more advanced syllabus supported by the M-346 Master – two of which have already been delivered to the Italian Air Force.

The M-345 HET will be equipped with a turbofan engine in the 1.600 kg (3,500 lb) thrust class and will offer long endurance and high load factors between +7/-3,5 g. Furthermore, it will feature a new, low-cost HUD (Head Up Display) and an associated image repeater in the rear cockpit, operating with multi-function digital displays for both pilot stations. Both crew-members will also have full Hands On Throttle-And-Stick (HOTAS) controls.

To reduce operating costs Alenia plans to offer the aircraft operators a simplified, two-level maintenance concept, eliminating the third and most onerous level of general revision of the aircraft. This support method relies on the design of Condition-Based-Maintenance and easy access to on-board systems and extensive use of Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) providing all the information on the state of the aircraft structure, engine and system. The introduction of the pressure refueling system and of an OBOGS (On-Board Oxygen Generating System) will further easing the skill levels required for ground support, thus reducing the interval time between flights.

M345 displayed at the Paris Air Show 2013. Photo: Noam Eshel, Defense-Update
M345 displayed at the Paris Air Show 2013. Photo: Noam Eshel, Defense-Update
Recommended Posts