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Research Focus: Japanese Defense Industry to 2016
Japanese defense budget is the fifth-larg
The Japanese defense budget is the fifth-largest in the world and recorded a CAGR of 10.04% during the review period (2007 – 2011). Japan has capped its defense budget at 1% of GDP, and is expected to continue to do so over the forecast period (2012 – 2016). The Japanese MoD spends the majority of its defense budget on revenue expenditure, which includes the salaries of personnel and maintenance of infrastructure. In the armed forces, the Japanese army receives 37% of the budget, while the navy and air force receive respective shares of 23% and 24%. The budget is primarily driven by the perceived threat from North Korea’s missile tests and the security of sea trade routes, as the country imports the majority of its minerals and food from foreign countries.
The Japanese government’s policy to ban arms exports to other countries makes it difficult for defense companies in Japan to maintain profitability. Since 2003, 20 companies have discontinued their participation in the fighter jet manufacturing business. Furthermore, as the Japanese government makes a minimal amount of procurements, domestic companies may diversify from the defense industry and enter other civilian industries. The Japanese government allocates 18% of its defense budget for equipment procurement. Defense equipment manufacturers are required to spend on R&D or purchase technology licenses from foreign OEMs, which in turn will increase the cost of the product.
Japan has a well-developed domestic industry, which is supported by government procurement. The domestic defense industry also procures production licenses of technology that is unavailable domestically, in order to supply the Japanese MoD with the most advanced equipment available.Japanese defense imports are expected to increase over the forecast period, partly due to government plans to procure fighter aircraft.
For more information on “Japanese Defense Industry to 2016″ (product ID: # Defense-Update DF0077MR Request for Quotation). The report is available in electronic form from ICD. Single User License costs: $1,250.-
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