Wahid Nawab, AeroVironment’s President & CEO introduces Switchblade 600 at a video press conference.

Aerovironment (AV) announced today expanding its loitering weapon family, as it introduced the Switchblade 600 – the largest weapon in the family announced to date. The new weapon employs the tube-launched, collapsible wing, electric propulsion architecture as Switchblade 300, and its Blackwing variant.

With longer range, extended mission endurance, and multi-purpose warhead Switchblade 600 expand the warfighter’s capability engaging larger, hardened targets at greater distances. According to AeroVironment, the Switchblade 600 has been funded in part by an unnamed customer that expressed interest in the system for several years. The program began in 2014 and achieved the first flight within a year. Completing development, it entered flight testing in 2019 and is currently in low-rate production for yet unnamed DOD customers. The system is intended to achieve initial operational capability (IOC) early in 2021.

At that time the new system is scheduled to perform flight demonstrations for the US Marine Corps, as part of the down-select of a single vendor for the Organic Precision Fires – Mounted (OPF-M) loitering weapon system destined to equip the corps’ Light Armored Reconnaissance (LAR) battalions. The corps eyes OPF-M as a weapon or system of systems comprised of reconnaissance, battle management, communications, and loitering weapons that enable precision fire effects ranging far beyond today’s LAR weapon systems, reaching as far as 100 km.


The specs of Switchblade 600 are set to match the US Army SMAM requirement. Illustration: US Army



The specs of Switchblade 600 are set to match the US Army SMAM requirement. Illustration: US Army


The US Army also seeks loitering weapons capabilities beyond the current LMAMS, Single Multi-mission Attack Missile (SMAM) is a 35km range precision loitering munition. For SMAM the Army eyes a loitering weapon effective at ranges beyond 35 km. The weapon would be a man-portable, tube-launched weapon weighing 50-70 pounds (22-32 kg), controlled from a tablet relaying the drone’s video feed and switch between flight modes – transit, loiter, and attack.

“Since pioneering the loitering missile category with Switchblade 300 more than 10 years ago, AeroVironment has worked with multiple new customers to develop scalable variants that could address new mission requirements,” said Wahid Nawabi, AeroVironment president and chief executive officer. “Now that Switchblade 300 has been adopted by the U.S. Army for its LMAMS program, our customers are eager to deploy Switchblade 600 because it can address larger, hardened targets in a more precise, rapid and cost-effective manner than legacy missile systems. We anticipate continued expansion of our family of loitering missile systems to help our customers proceed with certainty across a broader set of missions.”

Subscribe to access the 1485 word full version of this story


Illustration of the Switchblade 600. The new weapon packs a Jevelin warhead that is four times larger than the one used on the ‘300, adding anti-armor capability. Compared to the Javelin, Switchblade can attack targets at a much longer range and offers the unique capability to ‘wave off’ or abort an attack if needed. Source: AeroVironment

Switchblade 600 is a man-portable, rapidly deployable, extended-range precision strike loitering missile for non-line-of-sight hardened targets. Combining reconnaissance and target acquisition capabilities in a compact, simple to use weapon system, loitering weapons such as the Switchblade 600 deliver an unprecedented combination of precision, control, and effects on the target, addressing missions previously performed with ‘fire and forget’ legacy missile systems. According to Nawabi, these legacy weapons represent more than $1 billion in U.S. Department of Defense procurement appropriations in the fiscal year 2020 that could be disrupted by the new loitering weapon. “The result of our continued innovation at the intersection of robotics, sensors, software analytics and connectivity, Switchblade 600 offers next-generation capabilities to our customers for operations against any adversary, in any threat environment,” Nawabi said.

[wlm_ismember]Switchblade 600 deploys from the container that also provides the launch tube. The pre-launch setup takes about 10 minutes. The new weapon packs a Jevelin warhead that is four times larger than the one used on the ‘300, adding anti-armor capability. Dash speed has also increased to 115 mph (185 km/h). Switchblade 600 has the firepower to engage and prosecute hardened static and moving light armored vehicles from multiple angles with precisely localized effects while minimizing collateral damage.

The weapon is equipped with a high-performance EO/IR two-axis gimbaled sensor suite enabling target acquisition from a long-range. Future enhancements f the system include adding more powerful processing capabilities with video processing and edge computing, enabling further automation mission planning and automatic target recognition capabilities through Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI/ML).

With packed energy to sustain more than 40 minutes of flight time, and precision flight control with ‘silent flight’ capability extending the data-link range and operations in GPS denied environment, Switchblade 600 extends the tactical reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition (RSTA). Upon its arrival at the target area, the weapon would reestablish communications to obtain the operator’s approval to attack. Supporting operations at an extended range, the weapon can transit up to 50 miles (80 kilometers) to a target area before conducting multiple confirmatory orbits, and finally, engage in target prosecution. Switchblade 600 can do all that without the need for external ISR or fires assets. At a shorter range, loitering time can be extended at a ratio of roughly one minute for one kilometer.

A new tablet-based console with intuitive touch control was developed for the Switchblade 600 system, further simplifying system operation. Illustration: AeroVironment.

At any phase of the flight, the operator has the choice to ‘regret’ and cease the attack should the situation requires such a decision. For example, if non-combatants are observed within the proximity of the target, the operator can order the weapon to “wave-off” and then recommit the attack on a different path. This option allows operators to abort the mission at any time, and then re-engage either the same or other targets multiple times based on operator command.

Also new with Switchblade 600, AeroVironment introduces a touch-screen, tablet-based Fire Control System (FCS) with tap-to-target guidance and the option to pilot the loitering missile manually or autonomously. Combined with its built-in mission planner and training simulator, the FCS provides operators with an intuitive platform to easily plan and execute missions precisely while reducing cognitive load. Additionally, onboard AES 256 digital encryption and SAASM GPS provide the security, resilient communications, and signal integrity necessary to defend against electronic warfare capabilities employed by peer and near-peer adversaries in contested environments.[/wlm_ismember]

Switchblade 300 (left), Switchblade 600 (center), and Blackwing (right) form the basis of AeroVironment’s emerging family of tactical missile systems. Image: AeroVironment

The U.S. Army already has a program of record for the Lethal Miniature Aerial Missile System (LMAMS). In April 2020 the Army awarded AeroVironment a $76 million contract for the first year procurement of Switchblade 300 systems and program support. It is the largest order for loitering munitions the Pentagon has issued to date. The order fulfilled a
Joint Urgent Operational Need Statement from the United States Army Tactical Aviation and Ground Munitions (TAGM) project office. Deliveries began last month and could be followed and with two additional one-year options that are currently unfunded. These options could extend the period of performance through April 2023 on a sole-source basis. With the two options, the total cost of the program could reach $146 million.

Blackwing is a four pound micro UAV designed for launch from submerged submarines. Image: AeroVironment

In parallel to the Army and Special Operations Command, the US Navy has deployed an unarmed reconnaissance variant of the Switchblade known as ‘Blackwing’. Although the drone has a modular payload that can accommodate a small warhead, this payload is used to store more energy onboard. Blackwing also operates a digital datalink and tactical data relay enabling the mini-drone to establish or join an existing interoperable, encrypted, wideband network, linking surface and underwater platforms, including underwater unmanned systems (UUV) operating in its vicinity. This tube-launched mini drone is can be launched from submerged submarines or from multipack launchers on board surface vessels or offshore platforms.

Switchblade 300 is a back-packable, rapidly deployable, precision strike loitering missile for beyond-line-of-sight targets that minimizes collateral damage and can be tube-launched from land, sea, or air platforms. Aerovironment has demonstrated the deployment of two Switchblade 300 systems on AV’s Vaporminiature, unmanned helicopter platform. More carriage and aerial release flight tests will be done in 2021, as part of AV’s cooperation with Kratos Defense Systems.

The two companies are developing and will soon demonstrate the integration of tube-launched UAS and tactical missile systems into long-range, high-speed, and low-cost unmanned systems for their transport and delivery into near-peer denied environments.

An image depicting the launch of Switchblade loitering weapons from a Mako – an attritable ground-launched unmanned platform. Illustration: AeroVironment

Kratos and AeroVironment’s first collaborative project is designed to demonstrate the ability to launch, communicate with, and control a small, tube-launched loitering aircraft from a larger runway-independent unmanned aircraft. The overall system-of-systems effectiveness will be evaluated for its ability to coordinate the effects of the smaller AeroVironment systems, relay useful information back to the Kratos mothership, and either pass information back to a ground control station or act upon that information to modify mission taskings.


Subscribe to access the full version of this story